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  • EEG Neurofeedback

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    Neurofeedback in Sonoma County

    Neurofeedback shapes the brain’s behavior by training different aspects of the brain’s functioning. Hemoencephalography Neurofeedback (HEG), for example, trains the brain’s bloodflow to improve calm, mindfulness, concentration, and focus. Infralow Frequency Neurofeedback (ILF), on the hand, trains the brain’s slowest rhythms to calm and stabilize the brain. EEG Neurofeedback differs from ILF and HEG in its focus on the brain’s faster frequencies, 1 Hertz and above.  

    Brainwave Frequencies

    When neurons in the brain communicate, they produce a tiny electrical field that can be measured at the surface of the scalp using neurofeedback equipment. Different frequencies, or brainwave speeds, are associated with different physical, emotional, and cognitive experiences. Generally, the brain is able to balance its frequencies, which results in optimal functioning. However, frequencies can become unbalanced and the brain can fall into a state where it is producing too much or too little of a particular frequency. When this occurs, the person usually begins to experience symptoms of various mental health and medical conditions.

    EEG Neurofeedback

    What is EEG Neurofeedback?

    If you are struggling with mental health symptoms, or physical symptoms related to some medical conditions (e.g., chronic pain, chemical sensitivities, headaches, IBS), it is likely that your brain has adopted a set of unhelpful habits in how it functions. These unhelpful habits are likely reflected in your brainwave activity, or EEG. 

    For example, a classic ADD pattern usually involves excessive theta activity at the front of the brain. In many cases, anxiety is associated with excessive beta activity and deficient alpha activity. And some forms of depression are associated with an asymmetry of alpha weave production when comparing the left and right hemispheres of the brain.

    EEG Neurofeedback, sometimes referred to as neurotherapy, is a form of brain training that provides a symptomatic brain with real-time information about how to behave differently by producing different sets of frequencies. Through an initial evaluation, comprising symptom checklists, an interview, and some form of brain mapping, we can determine the brain patterns that are likely contributing to your symptoms. Based on this information, we can develop a training plan that, when implemented with regular neurofeedback training sessions, can reduce dysfunctional brainwave activity and enhance optimal activity instead. 

    Over the course of training, we assess progress each session to determine if any changes to the training plan are needed. Because neurofeedback is a process of learning for the brain (i.e., rather than a treatment for the brain), we expect the positive changes that occur to be permanent.

    What is a Brain Map?

    A brain map is an assessment tool used for the purposes of neurofeedback. There are different forms of brain maps, each with their own strengths and limitations. The gold standard in the field of neurofeedback is the QEEG. A QEEG takes measurements at 19 sites on the head, each corresponding to a specific brain region. This information can then be compared to a normative database that helps us determine how your brain functions relative to healthy norms. With this information we can make decisions about how to enhance your brain’s activity by training it to this norm. 

    It is important to note that a QEEG is not necessary to implement neurofeedback. A training plan can be developed based on research-supported protocols that are selected to match your symptom profile. Other times only a few measurements at a handful of sites on the head are needed to develop the training plan.

    What Type of Neurofeedback Will Work Best for Me?

    I offer a number of different Neurofeedback approaches in my Petaluma office and would be happy to discuss with you which approach might be best suited for your needs. I some cases, a combination of approaches works best, alongside other modalities like Bioregulation Therapy or Biofeedback.

    What Can EEG Neurofeedback Address?

    Similar to other forms of Neurofeedback, EEG neurofeedback can have far reaching effects in teh central, autonomic, and enteric nervous systems of the body. Research suggests that Neurofeedback may be helpful for symptoms associated with a broad range of mental health, neurodevelopmental, neurocognitive, and physiological concerns, all of which can be understood in terms of the excess or deficient brainwave patterns in different regions of the brain.

    Mental Health & Emotional Issues




    Trauma & Neglect

    Behavioral Problems

    Emotional Reactivity

    Anger Problems

    Eating Disorders

    Relationship & Attachment Issues


    Self-Injury & Suicidality


    Peak Performance

    Neurodevelopmental & Neurocognitive Issues

    ADD & ADHD

    Sensory Processing Issues

    Cognitive Issues



    Autism Spectrum Issues

    Developmental Disorders

    Brain Injury & Concussion

    Neurological Lyme

    Reading Problems

    Verbal Problems

    Cognitive Deficits

    Balance Problems

    Mind-Body & Physiological Issues


    Restless Leg Syndrome

    Chronic Pain

    Fibromyalgia & Autoimmune

    Chronic Fatigue

    Chemical Sensitivity


    PMS & Menopausal Issues

    Migraine Headaches

    Tension Headaches

    Bruxism (i.e., teeth grinding)


    Muscle Tension